Indonesia Railway Industry
INKA, state own industry in Indonesia, standing in 1981 which is located in Yos Sudarso Street, broadly is 220.000 m2 with the labour as much 974 people.
INKA, moving towards from stem locomotive workshop in 1981 to the modern railcar manufacture. With the vision to be world class company, the business activity is growing from basic product to the higher value added product and service in railway and transportation business. The mission on business and technology is competitiveness creation in railway and transportation products that focused to dominate the domestic market and to win competition is ASEAN region and developing countries.
The products of PT INKA for example
1. Passenger Wagon
2. Goods Wagon
3. Cart of Rail Electrics (KRL)
4. Open Wagon
5. Gashholder Wagon
6. Mouseder Card
7. Mobile Medical Car (MMC)
1982 – Firts production of freight wagon
1985 – First production of passenger coach
1987 – First assembly of electric railcar & diversification product
1991 – First export of freight wagon to Malaysia (KTMB)
1994 – First production of electric railcar VVVF
1995 – First launch of new train Argo Bromo
1996 – First production of locomotive (GE Lokindo) & export to philipine
1997 – First launch of train Argo Bromo Anggrek (leasing scheme)
1998 – First export of Ballast Hopper Wagon to Thailand
2001 – First launch of Indonesia Electric Railcar (INKA design)
2002 – Export Power Generating car and Bogie reefer flat wagon to Malaysia
2004 – Export container wagon bodies & Blizzard CS to Australia
2005 – Sign Contract 50 unit Broad Gouge, Bangladesh
High demand intercity railway is increasing in the high density region in the archipelago countries. New passenger coaches were introduced to capture the market with quality of service. In the beginning, value migration was created to absorb middle class passenger mobility. The next step development is prepared to adapt newest technology which is upgraded from the development of commuter electric railcar using light weight stainless steel carbody and modern AC traction control with IGBT VVVF inverter. Commuter railcar is the best solution for public urban transport. Based on experiences in commuter services, the modern electric railcar will be soon developed to more reliable design for future mass rapid transit.
In the developing countries, railway is expected to be backbone of land transportation. The large scale mining and industry commodities are better carried bulk rail wagon. Various design of freight wagon can adapt the special demand of handling and higher capacity such as 18 ton axle load in the coal and pulp transportation. On the other hand, the modern container flat wagon is designed for speed up 100km/h and light weight requirement.
The new railway line and double track projects in developing countries are increasing to cope the potential demand of goods transport as well as to improve line capacity. High quality hopper wagon and multi purpose track maintenance car is usually required in small lot. New approach on mutual collaboration with railway consultant and civil contractor will overcome an efficient turnkey project especially for plantation and mining area.
Changing market conditions push the railway manufacturer to utilize its core competence for diversification products. The best adaptation is to extend services in tansport value chain over the automotive product platform and handling equipments.
The modular construction is enhanced from proven railway technology to various kind of pre-fabrication. Computer aided design, system integration and quality management system ISO 9001: 2000 are toolkits for successfull new product development. For a vehicle manufacturer, the decisive task is to meet customer satisfaction with the modern manufacturing system in every kind product, every lot, and every where global marketplace.
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