Pagerungan Besar, Madura – East Java

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Pagerungan Besar

Pagerungan beasar is one of the islands in Kangean islands group. The island is located at the east of Pagerungan Kecil island. Administratively, the island is located in the Sumenep, East Java, Indonesia.

Pagerungan Besar Island is such a remote island that located within 60 Miles of Bali island. From the historical records, Pagerungan island had been invented and populated since the early 1910s. But now the island has been etched in the history of oil in Indonesia as a natural gas-producing region. Until now many oil companies both inside and outside the country do the exploration to the island region.

Pagerungan Besar Island is pretty much the same with other islands around it. There are rows of palm trees and banana trees seemed to be dominate plants on the island which has a population of about 4,500 inhabitants. It predominantly inhabited by the Mandar ethnic from western Sulawesi and some of the Bajo tribes. It said that the ancestors of the island came from the Mandar tribe, while the island has two languages?? for daily spoken, which is Mandar and Bajo.

Pagerungan island is also famous as the richest islands between the islands that exist in the other Sapeken district because of the abundant marine and agricultural results.

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Nusa Barung

Nusa Barung Island is located in Jember regency, East Java, and this island is one of outstanding natural charms in Java. The island is similar to Phi-phi Island in Phuket. The beach and the nature is very amazing, as there is no limits to its beauty.

It may less famous than Sempu island or Karimunjawa island, but the charm of Nusa Barong island is can not be underestimated. It is located in the south of the island of Java and be a part of Jember regency.

This island is one of the outer islands of Indonesia, that located in the Indian Ocean and is bordered by the states of Australia. This uninhabited island is a nature reserve since 1920. In this island, we can be found many species of birds, insects, and plants.

The principal function of this nature reserve is a refuge for ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus) which are endangered and have the type of flora including Calophyllum inophyllum, Sonneratia alba, Sterculia foetida, Terminalia catappa, Avicennia spp., Barringtonia spp., Alstonia spanthulatus, Alang-alang – imperata cylindrica, Dillenia sp., Ficus sandpaper, Lumnitzera spp., Pleiornium sp., Rhizophora spp., Supatorium sp., Tamarindus sp., Vatica walichii, Vitex pubescens, Xylocarpus spp.

To reach Barong Island we can start from Tanjung Papuma for about 1-2 hours drive by boat. It is important to be notice that reaching Nusa Barung is not easy, for it has to cross the huge waves in South Sea during the journey. But, after reaching the island, all struggles are worth to fight for. For more details, this route can be broke down into:

Surabaya – Jember by car/Bus 180km
Jember – Puger Village by car 35km
Puger village – Island by boat 4,5km

Nusa Barung is an island that consist of rocky groups that spread beautifully and it has magnificent white sandy beach and natural forest. Moreover, this island is also having unique and endemic flora and fauna with very fresh air indulgent. This virgin island is perfect to refresh body and soul.

The beauty of underwater in this island is way more enchanting. The visitors can do snorkeling around the beach while accompanied by marine fish and beautiful coral reef with blue and sparkling water. However, it is advisable for not to swim too far in the middle, for it has huge waves.

Nusa Barong Island is famous for its cluster of beautiful stones. The stones are large and looming with sturdy, glance looks like a temple. In addition, the beauty of the cliffs around the beach will make you amazed. It is a unique and fascinating.

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Selendang Arum Waterfall, Banyuwangi – East Java

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Selendang Arum Waterfall

Selendang Arum Waterfall is located in the Sumberasih hamlet, Sumberarum Village, District Songgon, Banyuwangi. This has reached a height of 20 meters and it has an exotic features at the water wall. This slippery rocks radiate sparkle when the weather is sunny. The name of Selendang Arum taken because the rock forms around the waterfall is like scarves (selendang).

To get to Selendang Arum, there are two alternatives that can be selected. First, from Rogojampi – Songgon – Sragi – Sumberarum. Secondly, from the village of Gendoh – Sragi village – Sumberarum with a total distance of 10km.

Both of the first and second alternate road conditions equally bagus.Tapi good road conditions was limited in the village Sragi. While Sumberarum village roads still need to be more careful today. Vehicles must be extra careful when crossing the road in the village.

Attractions in Niagara Scarves Arum has not been found and accommodation facilities to support tourism activities there. However, when arriving at the destination exotic natural ambience will pay all of an exhausting trip before.

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Tabuhan Island, Scuba Diving Spot in Banyuwangi

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Tabuhan Island is a tourist destination that is suitable for those who want to go scuba diving in Banyuwangi. The sea water is very clear on this island, and indeed worthy of being one of the tourist attractions of wonderful Banyuwangi.

Tabuhan Island located in Bangsring Village, Wongsorejo District, distance Tabuhan Island is only about 20 km from the downtown Banyuwangi. This uninhabited island has an area of about 5 hectares with the character of white sand beaches and the sea water is so clear.

To reach Tabuhan Island, you have to cross the ocean through Kampe Beach. Access to the Kampe Beach can be through a path in Pasewaran garden. There are many fishermen on the Kampe Beach, and there is also a boat that is ready to take you to Tabuhan Island with a trip time of about 30 minutes.

Garden of exotic sea, stunning coral reefs and inhabited by thousands of species of fish, sponges, lobsters and a variety of marine plants is the main attraction which is served by the beauty of Tabuhan Island. Plus, with the clear sea water, Tabuhan Island is perfect for those who like a bit of maritime activities such as scuba diving.

Besides the marine wildlife and marine life, various kinds of land animals can live pleasant on this island. For example, the famous Maleo bird from Sulawesi Island always migrate in habitat Tabuhan Island.

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G-Land Beach in Banyuwangi

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Banyuwangi has many beautiful tourist destination. In Banyuwangi, there are three biggest national parks in Java, Banyuwangi has also Plengkung Beach or usually called G-Land that is popular among international surfer because has the second largest wave after Hawaii.  One of attractions that are hunted foreign tourists, especially surfers is Plengkung Beach or better known as GLand, location is situated within Alas Purwo National Park.

Plengkung Beach is located on the southern coast of Banyuwangi, at the end of East Java Province. Plengkung Beach is usually called as G-Land by many tourists. The letter ‘G’ means 3 things; G for grajagan means the name of a place which has big wave; G for green means this beach is still natural for it’s located on the edge of green tropical forest; G for great describes the big long wave.

G-Land is a beach with some of the best wave in the world and a paradise for both local and international surfers. The waves at this beach are four to eight meters high and roll on for two km with seven arranged wave formations. A beach with these characteristics can only be found in some countries like Hawaii, Australia and South Africa. Many world-class surfers call this beach as The Seven Giant Waves Wonder.

There are several world surfing competitions held at this beach, one of them is Quiksilver Pro Surfing Championship in 1995, 1996 and 1997. To be able to enjoy the great wave at this beach, come between July – September for at those times the wave is reaching its top performance for surfing.

There is surfboard rent available if you don’t bring one. Besides surfing you can also watch the amazing sunset and go on an adventure in the nearby Alas Purwo National Park.

To access G-Land Beach, from Banyuwangi you need to get to Tegaldlimo which takes about 2 hours using local bus. From Tegaldlimo continue to go to Pos Pancur which is located in the Alas Purwo National Park (30 minutes to an hour trip). From Pos Pancur you have three options to get to Plengkung Beach : going on foot for about 2 hours, renting motor, or by jeep from Alas Purwo National Park management.

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Climbing Mount Wilis in Kediri, East Java

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Mount Wilis is a non-active mountain located on Java Island, East Java, Indonesia. Mount Wilis was originally named Mount Pawinihan. Mount Wilis has an altitude of 2563 meters above sea level. The peak is located on the border between the six regencies of Kediri, Tulungagung, Nganjuk, Madiun, Ponorogo, and Trenggalek.

Mount Wilis famous as tourist attractions such as waterfalls namely Irenggolo Waterfall, Dholo Waterfall. The waterfall is included in the management of Kediri regency.

Climbing Mount Wilis from the east can be initiated through Kediri regency precisely in Mojo district. The road leading to the summit of Mount Wilis already built sufficient through Mojo. Meanwhile, from the south of Mount Wilis can be climbed from Sendang district, Tulungagung regency. If you want to reach Mount Wilis from the north, the climb can be started from Nganjuk, while from the west, the climb can be started from Ponorogo or Madiun regency.

Mount Wilis has three main peaks, namely Wilis, Liman and Limas peak.
1. Limas Peak (2300 meters) hiking trail from Bajulan village, Nganjuk or Goliman, Kediri.
2. Liman Peak (2535 meters) hiking trail via Sedudo, Nganjuk or Madiun or Ponorogo.
3. Wilis Peak (2563 meters) hiking trail via Besuki, Kediri or Tulungagung or Trenggalek.

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The Sleeping Budha, Well-Known As Budha Tidur From Mojokerto

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The Sleeping Budha Statue or “Budha Tidur” is the most coveted by tourist. Precisely located in Maha Vihara Mojopahit, Trowulan, Mojokerto, East Java. This statue describes Buddha attained nirvana. In Indonesia there are also three statues of Buddha which is located in the 3 different cities, besides in Malang and Semarang.

Many of traveler said, Buddha was in a peaceful sleep. It is true, Buddha in a sleeping position describes about Buddha who has achieved the highest level of nirvana. It was also seen from the position where the Buddha’s right hand was shore up his head.

No one thought that Indonesia has one of the biggest sleeping  Budha statue in Asia. And the statue is located at Mojokerto. This statue is the third largest after Thailand and nepal. The length of of 22 meters, 6 meters wide and 4.5 meters high!

The statue that was built in 2001 is gold coloured and facing to the south, the greatness of Buddhism. The statue was not the only one attraction for the tourist in Maha Vihara Mojopahit. The tourist also can see the miniature of Borobudur temple in this area.

In addition on the back wall of the main building, there are several reliefs that tell about Buddha who is practicing Buddhist. You can also find statues of the characters in the story of Buddhism, such as The King of Monkey.

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Lawean Waterfall in Sendang – Tulungagung

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Lawean waterfall is located in the hamlet of Turi, Geger village, Sendang district, 25 kilometers south west town of Tulungagung. With an altitude of 1200 meters above sea level, this waterfall is part of the Wilis mountain slopes.

To reach the location of Lawean waterfall, visitors must travel by foot about 2 kilometers. With 9 times across the river, and past the green hills on the sidelines of the trip, exhausting trip will be paid by the beauty offered by this waterfall.

Not far from Lawean waterfall, there are also other waterfalls are not very high but it is equally fascinating to visit, namely Panda Wangi waterfalls. At another location, which is also not far away, there is a temple Penampehan. All locations around the waterfall is well worth visiting.

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Gandrung and Barong Using, Typical Arts of People in Banyuwangi

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On August 28th to 30th 2015, the Gandrung and Barong Using, typical arts of people in Banyuwangi, East Java province nicely performed in Frankfurt, Germany. The performance of Gandrung and Barong Using in Germany as guest of honor at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2015 has attracted the audiences. While in Germany, the Gandrung arts, and Barong Using also performed for three consecutive days at the Suferfest Museum, the largest cultural festival in Europe, in Frankfurt along with the appearance of several famous Indonesian musicians, such as Djaduk Ferianto, Kua Etnika, Dwiki Dharmawan and J-Flow. Currently, in today’s edition of Indonesia Wonder, we invite you to know one of the arts that performed at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2015, the Gandrung Art.

Gandrung art is a traditional dance of community in Bayuwangi, East Java. The Gandrung dance comes from the word of Gandrung, which means admiration. According to its origin, the dance tells about spellbound of Blambangan community in Bali, to Dewi Padi or the rice goddess, namely Dewi Sri who bring prosperity to the people. The dance actually is a reflection of the people’s thanksgiving over post-harvest. This dance is brought by female dancers as the main dancer then they invited male audiences (called Paju) to dance together. When dancing, the dancers always wear the unique crown called Omprok. The dancers crown usually made of buffalo leather and given a gold and red ornaments. The clothes worn by dancer made of black velvet which is decorated by golden ornaments and beads. Meanwhile, the bottom of cloth, the Gandrung dancers wearing batik which generally they use common batik pattern of Gajah Oling or plant style with elephant’s trunk that characterizes typical Banyuwangi.

The performance of Gandrung Art divided into three parts, namely row, move forward and Seblang Subuh. Part of Jejer is the opening of entire Gandrung show. In this section, the dancers sing some songs and perform solo dancing. Once the row is complete, then the dancers began to give shawl-scarves to the guests especially honorary guests who get the chance to dance together. This is part of a dance called Maju. After completing the Maju movement and take a rest for a moment, then begin the Seblang Subuh section. It is a concluding part of the whole series of performances of Gandrung Banyuwangi. The dancers began to dance with slow movements while singing the sad song theme. Mystical atmosphere felt at part of the dance. Gandrung dance now appear in various events, such as weddings and the state official occasions. When performed, the dance is always accompanied by traditional Gamelan music. Since 2000, the dance has become the official mascot of Banyuwangi tourism. Gandrung dancer sculptures displayed at various angles of towns and villages. The government of Banyuwangi also promote Gandrung Dance to be staged in various regions even abroad such as Surabaya, Jakarta, Hong Kong, and America.

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Reog, Cultural Identity of Ponorogo – East Java

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Reog is a cultural art performing by dance theater that has a high cultural value and unique. These traditional dance that become the main identity for Ponorogo regency. It is originated cultural art from Ponorogo district, East Java. 

Reog conducted by a group of performers dance with various characters and characterization, the performance of Reog is always accompanying with some of gamelan players and singers who performed the song with the local language, called java tembang. Reog Ponorogo emerged as a form of magical ceremonies with local beliefs that would brought a thick aura of magic and mysticism, as the changing times, Reog Ponorogo was changed becoming a form of entertainment and theater folk art. Modern Reog usually performed in several events such as weddings, circumcisions and national major holidays. 

Reog told about the struggle for a prince who will propose to a beautiful princess. Reog Ponorogo tells the story of a mythical battle between the King of Ponorogo and the magical lion-like creature called Singa Barong or Barong lion. Singa Barong is a large mask usually made of tiger’s or leopard’s head skin, upon the mask attached a large fan adorned with peafowl feathers. TheSinga Barong mask was notoriously heavy, the dancer of Singa Barong bear the mask about 30 – 40 kg weight and supported by the strength of their teeth.

The show of Reog maid instruments that usually using kempul, tap, kenong, handheld, ketipung,angklung and especially salompret, who voiced tone and slendro which is giving a rise to mystical atmosphere, unique, exotic and uplifting. One group of Reog usually consists of a Warok old, some young warok, pembarong, dancers Bujang Ganong and King Kelono Suwandono. Number of reog group ranged from 20 to 30-person, the main role is in the hands of warok and pembarong.

On the scene, Barong lion or Singa Barong, where the actors wore masks performing by head of a lion with a crown made of peacock feathers. The players who wear the masks are commonly referred as “pembarong”. Pembarong, must have an extra strength. He must have a good jaw strength, to withstand the bite of a burden called “sudden Peacock” which is forming of by tiger’s head adorned with hundreds of strands of peacock feathers six feet tall and can weigh up to an 50-pounds during the show.

The scene in the art of reog usually do not follow a neat scenario. There is always interaction between the player and puppeteer (usually the leader of the group) and sometimes with the audience. Sometimes a player’s performances can be replaced by another player when the main player had fatigue. The more overlooked in the staging of art reog is to give satisfaction to the audience. Until now people Ponorogo only follow what their heritage as a very rich cultural. In the experience of Reog Ponorogo art is copyright from human creations which formed as belief currents that is hereditary and awake.

Reog National Festival is held every years along the anniversary of Ponorogo regency and Grebeg Suro celebration. Reog dance is also staged full moon nightly in Paseban, Ponorogo Town Square.

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